# Macroeconomics - problem

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There are data on production and economic activity in the national economy for 2 years:
1st year 2nd year
The cost of the new building on May 5
The cost of the equipment produced by October 10
The cost of manufactured consumer goods 110 90
Cost of goods consumed 90,110
Depreciation of buildings October 10
Depreciation October 10
Inventories of consumer goods at the beginning of the year 30 50
Inventories of consumer goods at the end of the year 50 30
Calculate and comment on the following indicators for each year's GDP; NDP; Household consumption; Gross investment; Net investment.
Raschёtnyyotvet:
1st year 2nd year
The cost of new construction
The cost of manufactured equipment
The cost of manufactured consumer goods
The value of consumption goods
Depreciation of buildings
Depreciation of equipment
Inventories of consumer goods at the beginning of the year
Inventories of consumer goods at the end of the year
GDP
Consumption
Valovyeinvestitsii
Chistyeinvestitsii
NDP

Terms and conditions:
1) as the impact of various factors (A, B, C, D, E) nadinamiku GDP and the price level [(+) or (-), no change (0)] according to the classical and Keynesian interpretations of macroeconomic equilibrium?
A) increase the potential volume of GDP?
B) the growth of aggregate demand?
B)% rate increase and a reduction in aggregate demand?
D) increase in oil prices, which resulted in falling demand for other goods and services?
D) a major disaster, due to which the potential GDP falls by 25%.
Fill in the table
Keynesian Classical
production cost price production
Huh? ? ? ?
B? ?? ? ?
In? ? ? ?
D? ? ? ?
D? ? ? ?
COMMENT
(1) If the amount of equilibrium GDP is currently lower aggregate demand.
(2) If the amount of potential GDP is currently less than the volume of aggregate demand.
(3) If the volume of potential GDP currently below the previous equilibrium volume.

Terms and conditions:
1) real GDP for the period 1989-1992. It increased by 3% per year. The velocity of money at the same time increased by 2% per year.
Year Price level (1989 - 100%) Money Supply
1989 100 100
1990? 101
1991 100?
1992 100?
Based on their data available, fill in the table.

Terms and conditions:
Year 1 Year 5
Manpower (thousand people.). 84889 95453
Employed (thou. Pers.) 80796 87524
Unemployed (thou. Pers.)? ?
Unemployment rate (%)? ?
Calculate indicators:
1) the dynamics of the labor force, unemployment, employment,
2) explain their simultaneous growth
3) whether full employment is reached in the 5th year, if not, why not?

The following table shows the factors that influence the dynamics of the main components of aggregate demand.
1) in the second column the corresponding component of aggregate demand in the third - the nature of change: (+) - growth (-) - fall.
2) What are the specific reasons influence the behavior of economic agents in each case.
Factors component of aggregate demand
Changes
a) Consumption of population growth (+)
b) a reduction in the money supply
c) increase individual taxes
g) the expectation of a recession in other countries
d) increase in house prices
e) the expected recession in the economy

The tables present data describing the aggregate supply and aggregate demand.
Table 1
Price level Production of GDP in real terms
250 2000
225 2000
200 1900
175 1700
150 1400
125 1000
125500
125 0
Run and determine:
1) Draw the graph of aggregate supply;
2) To what extent it changes the volume of real GDP Keynesian, classical and intermediate segments of the aggregate supply curve?
Table 2
Price level Real GDP, costed
I II III
250 1400 1900 400
225 1500 2000 500 ....

T

The country has 100 families.
50% of them have a marginal propensity to consume = 1/2; others 50% marginal propensity to consume = 3/4.
The total disposable income grew by 100,000 rubles.
Define:
A) If the entire increase in income accounts for the 1st half of the families, how much will increase the total cost of consumption?
B) how much the total cost will increase consumption if the entire increase in disposable income accounted for the 2nd half of the families,
B) how to change the overall consumption, if the increase in revenue will be distributed among all families equally.

Consumer spending - C (bln. Rub.) Disposable income - Di
(Bn. Rub.)
120100
200 200
270300
330,400 ....

The table shows the characteristics of macroeconomic aggregates (NDP, consumption, savings) in the economy closed.
Volume NDP at full employment is 590 billion. Rub.
The volume of net investment plan = 58 billion. Rubles.
Volume NDP (NNP) Consumption (C) savings (S)
550 520 30
560 526 34
570 532 38
580 538 42
590 544 46
600 550 50
610 556 54
620 562 58
630 568 62
A) determine the value of the investment multiplier.
B) the difference in the volumes of nominal and real NDP.
What is the nature of the break - inflationary or deflationary.
B) If the net planned investments will be reduced to 38 billion., In what will be the difference in the volumes of real NDP made in full and part-time employment. What will be the nature of the gap?

According to calculate the parameters of the national economy and complete the table (bln. Rub.): Consumer spending = 200 + 0,75Yd; investment = 200; Export = 125; Import = 25; taxes = 200.
Cumulative release = national income (AS = Y) Tax
(T) LAYOUT-Guy income (Yd) require-tion
(C) invest- ments,
(I) sovereigns, public expenditure
(G) Net Exports The totality-tion demand
1800
2000
2200
2400
2600
1) At what level of income of the economy reaches a macroeconomic balance?
2) What is the multiplier of investment?
3) At what level of income of the economy will reach a new equilibrium, if the volume of investments will fall to \$ 150 billion.?

Calculate the monetary aggregates M1, M2, M3 on the basis of the bank account of:
bln. rub.
Small time deposits in 1630
Large time deposits 645
Demand deposits (checking) 448
Nechekovye savings deposits 300
Cash 170

On average, one currency for deals (purchase of goods and services) is drawn in the economy four times a year. Nominal GDP is equal to 2,000 billion. Rub. The supply of money in the economy is equal to 580 billion. Rub.
Active money market is represented in the table:
% Rate on the money market demand for money from the assets (billion. Rub.)
16 20
14 40
12 ..... 60

The demand for money for transactions is 10% of nominal GDP. Money supply is 450 billion. Rub. Active demand for money is shown in the table below:
Interest Rate (%) Demand for money from the assets (bn. Rub.)
14100
13150
12200
11 250
Determine the equilibrium rate% if the nominal volume of GDP is 3 trillion. Rub.

Real GDP growing rate of 3% per year, while the velocity of circulation increases by 2% per year.
Fill in the table:
Years price level (1st year - 100%) Money Supply
1.1001 million
2? 101
3100?
4100?

The bonds shall be paid 100 rubles. in year. The table shows the prices of bonds with different levels of interest rates:
% Rate price of a bond (Rub.)
1 10000
2 5000
? 2500 .....