The death penalty

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Uploaded: 12.02.2008
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1. Introduction
2. History of the Russian criminal legislation on the death penalty.
3. The death penalty in the criminal legislation of the Russian Federation.
4. The death penalty in the foreign law.
5. Conclusion
6. References

Additional information

Court statistics on the use of the death penalty in the former Soviet Union remains virtually classified for the moment. Few are familiar with the scale and reality of its application, the rest have to be content with personal emotional views on the role of death in society, in particular on the relationship between its use and the level of enforcement. Only recently we have started to appear on this issue fundamental reviews (eg the book "The Death Penalty: Pros and Cons" and "When the state kills ...", 1989). But they do not contain all the statistics for the USSR and in addition, are inaccessible. As a result, they rarely fall into the hands of even those who are connected with the problem of the death penalty professionally. Long-term policy of secrecy and reticence has also led to the fact that
Many people in our country, including the judge, applying the death penalty, do not think about this problem. For them, the death penalty - just one of the steps of the usual ladder of criminal penalties. The problem of the abolition or retention of the death penalty they believe sufficiently narrow and unimportant.
However, what yesterday seemed unimportant, secondary or late today takes the value of one of the key moments in the moral character and the life of the state.
Right now, when we are at a crucial turn, on the one hand, once again appeal to universal values, the first of which is the right to life, on the other hand, we have a society heavily mixed with the blood of human cruelty and suffering, it is time to abolish the death penalty as a barbaric punishment, contrary to civilization. The existence of the death penalty is a violation of basic human rights. And the experience of all countries shows that the result of its application becomes a hardening people, moral decline, violence, devaluation of human life itself. Human history reminds us that the question of the death penalty is not a private and not a side. If the commandment "Thou shalt not kill" - the main in relations between people, no society can avoid answering the question, whether it is itself the right to kill? And it is not only our moral sense to raise this issue, not only the scale of killings and their role in historical events gives it a special poignancy.
How do you explain the fact that so many representatives of mankind,
We are proud and grateful that the nations of the world, some of them they called his prophets (sometimes too late) - opposes the death penalty? F. Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Victor Hugo, Alexander Radishchev, Vl. Solovyov, Berdyaev, ML King, A. Sakharov, V. Havel - the list goes on. After all, they knew the darkest side of life, and many have experienced the power of human evil. Finally, can we ignore the fact that the movement against the death penalty was especially developed in Russia, and that almost after every failed attempt to cancel it followed years of darkness, cruelty, strife and lawlessness?


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