A set of reports on the history of philosophy

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Uploaded: 24.07.2009
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A set of reports for seminars on the philosophy of technology.
It contains more than 38 papers on the history of philosophy. Suitable for use as well as a set of cribs.

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1
1. The object and features of the philosophy of science.
2. The concept of science. Three aspects of life science: science as a specific type of knowledge; Science as cognitive activity; science as a social institution.
3. Evolution of approaches to the analysis of science. Positivist and post-positivist tendency in the study of science
4. Philosophy and science. The specificity of the conceptual apparatus of philosophy of science
5. Classification of Sciences
6. The role of science in modern education identity
7. The functions of science in society

2

1. The genesis of science and the problem of periodization of its history. Prednauki and science in the proper sense of the word. Science classical, non-classical, post-classical.
2. The culture of the ancient polis and the emergence of the first forms of theoretical science.
3. Features and characteristics of medieval science.
4. Formation of experimental science in modern European culture.
5. The classical natural science and its methodology.
6. The revolution in science of the late XIX beginning of XX century.
7. Formation of ideas and methods of non-classical science. The formation of social sciences and humanities.

3

1. Scientific knowledge of the system. Empirical and theoretical levels of scientific knowledge, the criteria of discernment.
2. The structure of empirical knowledge: a) surveillance data as a type of empirical knowledge. "Protocol statements", and b) empirical relationships and empirical facts. Procedures for the formation of a fact. The problem of theoretical loading of fact.
3. Structure of theoretical knowledge: a) the primary theoretical models and laws, and b) the development of the theory. Theoretical models as part of the internal organization of the theory, and c) the limitations of hypothetical-deductive concept of theoretical knowledge.
4. Grounds for science and their structure:
a) the ideals and norms of research. The system of ideals and norms of the scheme of operation methods;
b) the scientific picture of the world and its function (as the picture of the world ontology, as a form of systematization of knowledge as a research program);
c) the philosophical foundations of science.
5. Logic and Methodology of Science.
6. Methods of scientific knowledge and their classification.
4

1. The dynamics of scientific knowledge: a model of growth and the formation of primary theoretical models and laws.
2. Problem situations in science.



5

1. Interaction of traditions and the emergence of new knowledge:
a) The issue of scientific traditions;
b) the diversity of scientific traditions;
c) the emergence of new knowledge.
2. Scientific Revolution as the restructuring foundations of science:
a) the problem of the typology of scientific revolutions;
b) within the disciplinary mechanisms of scientific revolutions;
c) interdisciplinary cooperation as a factor of revolutionary transformations in culture;
d) the scientific revolution as a bifurcation point in the development of knowledge.
3. Social and cultural background of global scientific revolutions.

6

1. Classical and non-classical rationality. Non-classical and post-nonclassical scientific rationality.
2. The variety of forms of rationality. Structure and typology of rationality.
3. Determinants of the development of scientific rationality. Historical types of scientific rationality.
4. Global Revolution and the change in the type of scientific rationality.

7

1. The main characteristics of modern science postnonclassical.

3. Global evolutionism as a synthesis of evolutionary and systematic approach.
4. Understanding of social relations and values \u200b\u200bintrascientific as a condition of modern science.
5. Extension of the ethos of science. Ethical problems of modern science.
6. Environmental ethics and its philosophical

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