Англ, вариант 1 (Australia – the Unknown Southern Land)

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I вариант
Задание 1
Перепишите следующие предложения. Определите по грамматическим признакам, какой частью речи являются слова, оформленные окончанием -s, и какую функцию это окончание выполняет, т. е. служит ли оно:
a)показателем 3-го лица единственного числа глагола в Present Indefinite;
b)признаком множественного числа имени существительного;
c)показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного (см. образец выполнения 1).
Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.He reads a lot and he always speaks English at our lessons.
2.The British press consists of several kinds of newspapers.
3.A very important aspect of the city´s economy is tourism.

Задание 2
Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их, обращая внимание на особенности перевода на русский язык определений, выраженных именем существительным (см. образец выполнения 2).
1.Orange juice is very useful for our health.
2.The first British tennis Championship was in Glasgow in 1877.
3.Houses on sheep farms are very far from towns in Australia.

Задание 3
Перепишите следующие предложения, содержащие разные формы сравнения, и переведите их на русский язык.
1.Winter months are best for skiing and skating.
2.Camping is much better than staying at hotels.
3.The more I thought about the plan, the less I liked it.

Задание 4
Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на перевод неопределенных и отрицательных местоимений.
1.Your friends recommend some books on history.
2.There are not any sweets in the box.
3.No one came to visit me while I was in hospital.

Задание 5
Перепишите следующие предложения, определите в них видо-временные формы глаголов и укажите их инфинитив; переведите предложения на русский язык (см. образец выполнения 3).
1.He went to America on his own initiative.
2.Jazz is a mixture of many different kinds of music.
3.Tom will probably arrive at 8 o´clock.

Задание 6
Прочитайте и письменно переведите текст на русский язык.
Australia – the Unknown Southern Land
Australia is the only country in the world that is also a continent. It is the sixth large country and the smallest continent. Australia lies between the South Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean. The country´s official name is Commonwealth of Australia.
The capital of the country is Canberra. Less than a hundred years ago there was nothing except sheep in Canberra. But then Australians decided to build a capital city. The work began in 1913. Now Canberra is an international city. It´s a beautiful place with parks, lakes, big open streets and fine buildings.
There are six states and two Territories in Australia. Each state has its government. Australian states are: New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia.
Queensland is a large state. It has long beautiful sandy beaches. There are 1400 different kinds of fish and more than 300 kinds of corals. Tropical fruit and flowers grow on the beautiful islands.
Tasmania, the island south of Australia, is small. It is the same size as England. A large part of the island is covered with wild beautiful forests. These forests are full of wonderful flowers and interesting animals.
In the Northern Territory you will find the red heart of Australia. And it is red with red rocks, red sand and red sky in the evening. Every year thousands of tourists visit this strange group of huge red stones.
Sydney is the best known place in New South Wales. There are the Blue Mountains in the state. They are covered with forests of blue coloured eucalyptus trees. The air above the forest contains millions of microscopic drops of eucalyptus oil. When the sun shines the air of the Blue Mountains is really blue.
The state of ...

Additional information

In the Northern Territory you will find the red heart of Australia. And it is red with red rocks, red sand and red sky in the evening. Every year thousands of tourists visit this strange group of huge red stones.
Sydney is the best known place in New South Wales. There are the Blue Mountains in the state. They are covered with forests of blue coloured eucalyptus trees. The air above the forest contains millions of microscopic drops of eucalyptus oil. When the sun shines the air of the Blue Mountains is really blue.
The state of Western Australia is dry and inhospitable. It has a dry desert with very few towns and lonely cattle stations.
In Victoria most people live in the south. Melbourne is the capital of the state and the largest city. Sheep and wheat are the main product here.
South Australia is the driest of all the states but it has the Murray River. The river brings greenness and life to the south- east corner.
Australia is one of the world´s developed countries. It has modern factories and highly productive mines. Australia is sometimes called “the lucky country”. The reason is the wonderful riches under the earth: gold, silver, iron, coal and other metals.

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