Англ, вариант 2 (Britain in Brief)

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Вариант № 2
I. Выберите правильную видовременную форму глагола и переведите полученные предложения.
1. In 1820 each farm worker (to produce) enough agricultural products to provide himself and 3 others.
a) has produced
b) produce
c) produced
d) produces
2. The tractor operator (to work) on the field now.
a) are working
b) is working
c) worked
d) has worked
3. Do all the preparation needed of a seedbed and the result (to follow).
a) follow
b) will follow
c) would follow
d) is following
4. More and more machines and equipment (to use) on farms today.
a) use
b) will be used
c) are used
d) used
5. You may use this mower. I (to repair) it already.
a) repair
b) have repaired
c) am repairing
d) have repairing
6. The crops (to sow) later.
a) will sow
b) will be sown
c) has been sown
d) have been sown
7. The harvesting (to finish) by the end of the month.
a) will have been finished
b) has been finished
c) is finished
d) will finish
8. Man (to learn) to domesticate animals and plants thousands of years ago.
a) will learn
b) was learnt
c) has been learnt
d) learnt
9. Some fertilizers (to add) to the soil now.
a) are added
b) are being added
c) add
d) are adding
10. Our factory (to send) this farm new tractors in a week.
a) will send
b) will be sent
c) was sent
d) have been sent

II. Выберите правильную форму модального глагола и переведите полученные предложения.
1. The agronomist … help you tomorrow.
а) could
b) will be able to
c) will can
d) is able to
2. The oil filters....be cleaned periodically.
a) can
b) should
c) must
d) need
3. They … the manure yesterday, but it still isn’t done.
a) had to distribute
b) have to have distributed
c) were to have distributed
d) had to have distributed
4. The soil for planting potatoes ...be manured very thoroughly.
a) should
b) have
c) ought
d) are able
5. The tractor is designed to... to do the basic cultivation of land. .
a) must
b) have
c) need
d) be able

III. Дополните предложения Причастием I или Причастием II и переведите на русский язык.
1. American farmers, .... large tractors, use them only 400hours per year or even less.
a) being having
b) had
c) having
d) having had
2. … the breaks the engineer noticed a defect.
a) checking
b) checked
c) being checked
d) having checked
3. Oil … into the cylinder pushes back the ram.
4. The conditions …to obtain high yield should be reached.
5. … rather powerful the new machines are able to complete the necessary jobs within the desired period of time.

IV. Переведите следующие предложения с русского языка на английский, используя правильные видовременные формы глагола.
1.В этом году было произведено много новых сельскохозяйственных машин.
2.В будущем роботы смогут обрабатывать почву.
3.Когда студенты пришли на ферму, механики заправляли трактор топливом.
4.Современные сельскохозяйственные машины делают больше работы в кроткое время.
5.Трактор может иметь 3 или 4 колеса.
6.Все части двигателя присоединяются к раме.
7.Больше и больше оборудования используется в хозяйствах сегодня, заменяя ручной труд.
8.Мы не можем пойти работать в поле, потому что идет дождь.
9.В прошлом году нашему хозяйству пришлось приобрести новые комба

Additional information

V. Подставьте вместо пропусков подходящие по смыслу слова и переведите полученные предложения на русский язык.
1. Tractors are classified according to method of securing traction and ....
2. The...is usually bolted to the underside of the crankcase.
3. ... parts slide against the cylinder walls.
4. The...assists in maintaining a uniform engine speed and provides a means of balancing the engine.
5. Today’s tractor is a complex vehicle used to propel and power... for agriculture production.

VI. Прочитайте текст А и выполните задания после текста.
Britain in Brief
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland with an area of 244, 000 square miles is situated on the British Isles, which are separated from the European continent by the North Sea, the Strait of Dover and the English Channel. Britain´s population is over 56 million. Four out of every five people live in towns. The largest cities of the country are London, Birmingham, Liverpool, Manchester, Glasgow and Edinburgh.
The UK is a monarchy: the head of the state is a king or a queen. In practice, the Sovereign reigns, but does not rule: the UK is governed by the Government. The present Sovereign is Queen Elizabeth II.
The territory of Great Britain is small. Yet the country has a wide variety of scenery.
The heart of Britain is England. It is the richest, the most fertile and most populated in the country. The north and the west of England are mountainous, but all the rest of territory is a vast plain. In Northwest England, there are many beautiful lakes with green, wooded or grassy shores and grey mountains all around.
The smallest of Britain´s countries is Wales. The largest part of Wales is covered with rocky mountains, which are difficult to climb. Most people in Wales live in the coastal plains.

Задание 1. Задайте вопросы на английском языке и ответьте на них.
1.Где расположено Объединенное Королевство?
2.Какие крупные города страны Вы знаете?
3.Каким является государственное устройство Соединенного Королевства?
4.Какая часть страны является центром Британии?
5.Столицей Шотландии является Эдинбург или Глазго?
6.На какой реке стоит столица Великобритании?
Задание 2. Перескажите текст, опираясь на заданные вопросы, как на пункты плана.
VII. Переведите текст В с английского языка на русский и ответьте на вопросы.
Tractor types.
The type of tractor used on the land depends on the type of work. Tractors are classified as follows:
1. According to method of securing, traction and self-propulsion:
1) Wheel tractors.
2) Track-type tractors.
2. According to utility:
1) General purpose or utility.
2) All purpose or row-crop type.
3) Orchard.
4) Industrial.
5) Garden.
Wheel tractors. The wheel-type tractor is the predominating type of machine for agricultural purposes. Wheel tractors are made with three or four wheels. There are heavy wheeled tractors which are capable or pulling 5-or 6-furrow ploughs, and doing heavy cultivations......

VIII. Запишите основную идею каждого абзаца данного текста на русском языке.
1. In general, engineering is a science that deals with design, construction and operation of structures, machines, engines and other devices. Engineer is a person who has received technical education and has a basic knowledge of other engineering fields, because most engineering problems are complex and interrelated.
IX. Выполните итоговый тест.
1. He .... know how this type of tractor is called in English.
2. More and more machines of all sorts… on farms today.

X.Переведите на русский язык и выучите наизусть следующие диалоги.
1. - Hello, I’m new here. My name’s Sarah Guerra.
- I’m Jake Barnes. Nice to meet you, Miss Guerra.
- Oh, please, call me Sarah.
- And you call me Jake.
- Glad to meet you, Jake.
- You’re a new accountant, aren’t you?
- Yes. I have just been hired.


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