Английский (The Functions of Money)

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I.Перепишите и письменно переведите текст:
The Functions of Money
1. A medium of exchange.
The use of money as a medium of exchange makes possible a great extenuation of the principle of specialization. In an advanced society the use of money allows us to exchange hours of labour for an amazing variety of goods and services. We can exchange, for example, two weeks" labour for a holiday abroad just as easily as we can exchange it for a piece of furniture or a year´s rent on a television set. Such exchanges are taken for granted yet they would be inconvenient without the use of money.
2.A measure of value.
The first step in the use of money was probably the adoption of some commodity as a unit of account or measure of value. Money, most likely, came into use within the barter system as a means whereby the values of different goods could be compared. The direct exchange of goods for goods would raise all sorts of problems regarding valuation. The problem of exchange rates is easily solved when all other commodities are valued in terms of a single commodity which then acts as a standard of value.
Money now serves as such a standard and when all economic goods are given money values (i.e. prices), we know, immediately, the value of one commodity in terms of any other commodity.

II. Письменно ответьте на вопросы:
1.What are the main functions of money?
2.When did money come to use?
3.When can money be served as a standard of value?

III. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным словам:
1. The use of money makes possible a great extension of the principle of specialization.
2. The use of money allows us to exchange hours of labour for an amazing variety of goods and services.
Использование денег позволяет нам обменивать рабочее время на
3. The problem of exchange rates is easily solved when all other commodities are valued in terms of a single commodity.
4. It is a great convenience to hold wealth in the form of money.

IV. Переведите предложения письменно на русский язык, под¬черкните модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты:
1. All invoices must be paid not later than 30 days from the date of issue.
2. We needn´t finish this meeting before 12 o´clock.
3. Changes in the quality of money may or may not have an influence on prices.
4. They sent the goods two weeks ago: so, they could have arrived by now.
5. These figures can´t be right. There must be a mistake somewhere.

V.Переведите предложения на английский язык, используя Present, Past, Future Continuous Tenses:
1. Что вы делали в это время в прошлом месяце?
2. Она будет работать над своим отчетом завтра в 10.
3. В настоящий момент распродажи не увеличиваются.
4. Они работали с менеджером, когда зазвонил телефон.
5. Он пойдет завтра в Университет в 11.
6. Завтра приезжает директор компании.
VI.Перепишите предложения, укажите Participle I, Participle II, переведите предложения:
1. The information obtained is very valuable.
2. The house restored by the Johnson is quite unusual.
3.The quantity of labour derived from a given stock of population depends upon several factors.
4. In advanced capitalist societies, advertising is a powerful instrument affecting demand in many markets.
5. The persons forming a company are required to submit several documents to the Registrar of Companies.
6. Industries producing steel, paper and chemicals require very large quantities of water and tend to be found near rivers.
VII. Выпишите из текста предложения, содержащие страдательный залог, укажите время.

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