Английский (The Prison Service)

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I. Письменно переведите следующий текст с английского языка на русский.
The Prison Service
Imprisonment within a government-run institution has been a part of law enforcement across the globe since civilisation began. Taking away an individual’s personal freedom is a simple and convenient way of enforcing laws and putting a potentially harmful person out of the public sphere.
Until about 200 years ago, when the prison system as we know it today first existed, the main forms of punishment for crimes in England and Wales were execution or transportation to the colonies. The prisons that did exist were mainly used as debtor´s jails or to hold people awaiting trial.
The modern Prison Service is based upon two simple functions which it carries out for the benefit of society as a whole: the first, to hold individuals committed by the courts in a safe environment and thereby protect the public; the second, to reduce crime by promoting law abiding behaviour in custody, and providing productive activities that rehabilitate and educate individuals ready for release.
To ensure that these functions are carried out effectively, the Inspectorate of Prisons, who report directly to the Home Office, carry out around 20 full prison inspections each year. In addition, the Home Secretary appoints a Prisons Ombudsman whose function it is to hear the complaints of prisoners that could not be resolved using internal procedures.

2.Составьте список юридических терминов, употребленных в тексте, и переведите их на русский язык.
3.Письменно задайте 5 общих и 5 специальных вопросов к тексту.
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5.Подготовьте сообщение на тему «Му future profession» (профессия юриста)

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