Английский, вариант 1

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Контрольная работа №1
Вариант 1
1.Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видо-временную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.The personnel manager will dictate the telex to his secretary.
2.Two references have been enclosed with my letter.
3.I am saving money to make down payment on a new car.
4.An interesting job was advertised in the newspaper for several days last week.

2.Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните Participle I и Participle II и установите функции каждого из них, т.е. укажите является ли оно определением, обстоятельством или частью глагола сказуемого.
1.The man looking through the fax is our boss.
2.If invited, he will come.
3.We have decided to turn our business into a limited company.
4.While reading the contract he made some notes.

3.Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквивалент. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.If you drink whisky you must not drive.
2.He had to go to the bank to change some Swiss money.
3.You will be able to see the Tower of London when we go to the top of that building.
4.I think I should go to see the doctor because I have a sore throat.
5.She was so excited that she could hardly eat her breakfast.

4.Переведите письменно текст и ответьте на вопросы по содержанию текста.
This system of buying goods became very common during the first half of the twentieth century. Today a large proportion of all the families in Great Britain buy furniture, household goods and cars by hire-purchase. In the USA, the proportion is much higher than in Great Britain, and people there spent over 10 percent of income on hire-purchase installments.
The goods bought by hire-purchase are, in almost every case, goods that will last: radio and television sets, washing-machines, refrigerators, motor-cars and motor-cycles and articles of furniture.
The price of an article bought in this way is always higher than the price that would be paid for cash.
There is a charge of interest. The buyer pays a proportion, perhaps one quarter or one-third of the price when the goods are delivered to him. He then makes regular payment, weekly or monthly, until the full price has been paid.
Hire-purchase has advantages and disadvantages. It helps newly-married couples with small incomes to furnish their homes. It increases the demand for goods and, in this way, helps trade and employment. If families are paying each month installments on such household goods as a washer and a car, they can spend less money (or perhaps no money) uselessly on too many alcoholic drinks.

1.What goods are usually bought by hire-purchase?
2.When do the goods become the property of the buyer?
3.What, in your opinion, are the advantages and disadvantages of hire-purchase.

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