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The task on the subject of "Economic theory" .RIU TANTAL
Question 1. The demand function for a certain product is: Qd = 100 - P, the supply function: Qs = 2P - 50. Find the equilibrium price and the equilibrium quantity. The government has decided to reduce the price to 45 rubles., Seeking to stimulate consumption. Where will this lead (to the deficit or surplus)? Determine the value of supply and demand, the volume of sales and revenue.
Question 2. If the price of 26 rubles. the magnitude of the demand for the juice of the day in the supermarket, "European" 180 packages. How much less will the quantity demanded at the price of 30 rubles, if the arc elasticity of demand at a specified price change is equal to 2?
Question 3. A public servant who receives at the end of the year after all deductions (including income tax) 18 thousand. Rub. a year in the new year decided to open his own shop. His start-up capital is 25 thousand. Rub. He expects to receive revenues of 170 thousand. Rub. For this project it is necessary: \u200b\u200bto pay at the beginning of year, rents in the amount of 40 thousand. Rub. the shop for the year ahead, in the beginning of the year to perform repair work in rented premises $ 20 thousand. rub., hired three employees to pay 15 thousand. rub. each year, the 5 th. rub. pay at the beginning of the year as an advance, and the remaining 10 thousand. rub. pay at the end of the year from the proceeds, to take the bank to cover the costs of the missing sum of money for a year, leaving the work of public sector employees and to concentrate on the business deyatelnosti.Inyh costs had not. Bank interest on deposits is 40% and on loans - 50%.
a) Determine the value of the financial and economic profit for the year (in thousand. rub.), excluding income tax.
b) At what rate of income tax will be disadvantageous to the business of state. employee (the rate is set as a percentage of earnings)?
Question 4. Accountant reporting your firm lost costs of the firm. He could recall only a few numbers. And for you to forecast your business needs and other data. Can you restore them? Make the necessary calculations and fill in the table.
Question 5. Fill in the table. The economy is characterized by the following macroeconomic indicators:
Income owners 84
Individual taxes 25
Corporate income 157
Question 6. Which of the events shift:
a) the aggregate demand curve to the right;
b) the aggregate demand curve to the left;
c) the aggregate supply curve to the right;
d) the aggregate supply curve to the left?
1. Growth in the money supply.
2. Decrease of productivity.
3. The growth of the income tax.
4. The emergence of new technology.
Question 7. Which phase of the economic cycle (recession or recovery) includes the following processes?
1. The growth of private investment (the rise or revival)
2. Reducing the volume of retail sales (recession or recession)
3. Reduction of profit (recession or recession)
4. Growth stocks of companies (recession or recession)
Question 8. Real GDP in a given year was equal to 11 895 monetary units. Potential GDP is 12,200 currency units. The actual unemployment rate was 7%. What is the approximate value of the natural rate of unemployment, if the coefficient is 2.5 Okun?
Question 9. Real GDP is 2,000 billion. USD., And money supply 100 billion. Dollars. The central bank increases the money supply to 300 bln. Dollars. Determine the value of real GDP:
a) if the price level and the velocity of money is constant;
b) if the price level will increase by 2 times, and the velocity of money by 1.5 times.
Question 10. Deposits of the bank amounted to 200 thousand. Dollars. The actual bank reserves amount to 100 thousand. USD. The required reserves ratio is 20%.


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