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Text reference work on the subject "Economic theory" RIU TANTAL
Task 1
Question 1: Microeconomics, unlike macroeconomic studies:
1. Only the behavior of the individual consumer;
2. The economy of a territorial unit;
3. economic conditions for a short period of time;
4. consumer behavior, the behavior of firms, some industrial markets, factor markets;
5. The behavior of individual economic indicators.
Question 2. Of these models is not micro:
1. The model of the firm;
2. The model of inflation;
3. The model of the consumer;
4. The model of market equilibrium;
5. The model of the sector.
Question 3. The problem of scarcity can be solved if:
1. People will be able to abandon the competition in favor of cooperation;
2. will be opened virtually inexhaustible source of energy;
3. All countries in the world will become post-industrial society;
4. everywhere will be increased productivity.
5. All of the above is not true;
Question 4. Choose the answer, which identifies only examples of various factors of production:
1. The manager, gas, land, car
2. Worker conveyor belt, car
3. The driver, a bank employee, factory air
4. Water, tractor, earth, foreman;
5. Among the responses given no right answer.
Question 5: Opportunity cost of a new stadium - is:
1. The payment of its protection and other personnel;
2. The price of the construction of the stadium in the coming year;
3. The changes in the real rate of tax, which is paid from the proceeds of the stadium;
4. The price of other goods and services whose production is sacrificed to the construction of this stadium;
5. there is no right answer.
Task 2
Question 1. A person who has the ability to get a job with pay from 40 to 60 rubles. per hour, the opportunity cost of one hour of leisure are:
1. 40 rub .;
2. 50 rub .;
3. 60 rub .;
4. 70 rub .;
5. 100 rubles.
Question 2. Within two working days carpenter Ivan and Vasily make tables and shelves. Ivan could make two tables, or one shelf, Basil - two tables or three shelves. Alternative production costs for each shelf carpenter are:
1. Basil -2/3 to -2 Ivan;
2. Basil - 3/2 for Ivan - 1/2
3. Basil - 3/2 for Ivan - 2;
4. Basil - 2/3 for Ivan - 1/2
5. can not be determined.
Question 3. Full use of all resources in the production possibility curve shows any:
1. point lying outside the production possibility curve;
2. point lying inside the production possibility curve;
3. point lying on the production possibility curve;
4. point lying on the curve of production capacity, which achieved the best satisfaction of needs of society;
5. there is no right answer.
Question 4. A point located inside the production possibility frontier shows that:
1. The company fully utilizes its available resources;
2. The Company does not fully utilize their economic resources;
3. The Company does not use economic resources;
4. The society uses resources efficiently;
5. The correct answer is 2 and 4.
Question 5. The law of increasing opportunity cost applies if production possibilities curve is:
1. The convex shape;
2. shape of the line;
3. The concave shape;
4. any shape;
5. The correct answer is 1 and 2.
Activity 3
Question 1: For students of the value of alternative training at the University reflects:
1. The amount of the scholarship;
2. The maximum income that can be prepared to drop out,
3. The expenses of the state average on education specialist;
4. The cost of the student's parents on the content;
5. The transport costs.
Question 2. You must make a choice: Do you do to study at the Faculty of Economics of the University of surcharge or work for several years assistant economist. Calculate the opportunity cost of your decision to study at the Faculty of Economics, where:
• tuition fee is 4 th. P. in year;
• RA

Additional information

Task 23
Question 1. The person who hopes to get a job again soon:
1. belongs to the category of employees;
2. refers to the unemployed;
3. not counted in the labor force;
4. regarded as underemployment;
5. considered as having lost hope of finding work.
Question 2. lost his job because of the downturn in the economy falls into the category of the unemployed covered:
1. The form of friction unemployment;
2. The structural form of unemployment;
3. The cyclic form of unemployment;
4. natural unemployment;
5. All previous answers are incorrect.
Question 3. Frictional unemployment occurs in all these cases, except for:
1. The workers expect reinstatement;
2. Some firms go bankrupt;
3. The workers leave their jobs to find a new job;
4. The economy is a structural shift;
5. there is no right answer.
Question 4. Sectoral shifts in the economy increase:
1. frictional unemployment;
2. cyclical unemployment;
3. hidden unemployment;
4. The actual unemployment;
5. structural unemployment.
Question 5. If the working-age population of 80 million. People, the number of employed 62 million. People, the total number of unemployed 6 million. People, and the level of cyclical unemployment 2%, the natural rate of unemployment is:
1. 5.5%
2. 6%;
3. 6.8%;
4. 7.7%;
5. there is no right answer.
Task 24
Question 1. The reason for the inflation increase in demand could provide:
1. taxes;
2. energy prices;
3. The inventories of firms;
4. The supply of money;
5. All the answers are correct.
Question 2. Stagflation is the result:
1. demand inflation;
2. hyperinflation;
3. The cost inflation;
4. All the answers are correct;
5. The hidden inflation.
Question 3. Choose the correct statement. The purchasing power of money ...
1 and the price level are always in inverse relationship;
2. and prices are directly related to the economic downturn and an inverse relationship between inflation rise;
3. and prices are in line, but not proportional;
4. prices and are in direct and proportional;
5. not related to a price level.
Question 4. If during the year, the nominal income rose from 1200 to 1248 USD., And the price level of 7%, while the real income of:
1. remain unchanged;
2. increase by 5%;
3. reduced by 3%;
4. reduced by 7%;
5. The information is not enough.
Question 5. In accordance with the Fisher effect:
1. The real interest rate is the nominal interest rate plus the rate of inflation;
2. The nominal interest rate is the real interest rate minus the inflation rate;
3. The rate of inflation is equal to the real rate of interest minus the nominal interest rate;
4. The nominal interest rate is equal to the inflation rate minus the real interest rate;
5. The real interest rate is the nominal interest rate minus the inflation rate.
Task 25
Question 1. Monetary aggregate M1 comprises:
1. of cash, government bonds, gold certificates and coins;
2. of cash, demand deposits, savings deposits, money market mutual funds and small time deposits;
3. of cash, traveler's checks, demand deposits and other check deposits;
4. of cash, savings accounts and government bonds;
5. all the answers wrong.
Question 2. The monetary aggregate M2 does not include:
1. Large time deposits;
2. savings deposits;
3. Cash;
4. demand deposits;
5. small time deposits.
Question 3. All of the above is included in the monetary aggregates, except for:
1. The term deposits;
2. The government long-term bonds;
3. traveler's checks;
4. check deposits;
5. Savings Accounts.
Question 4. If the money supply is increased by 6%, the price level increases by 4%, while real output increased by 3%, in accordance with the equation of the quantity theory of money velocity of money increases


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