English, option 1

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Грамматика: Infinitive. Forms and Functions. Bare Infinitive
Infinitive Constructions: Objective, Nominative, For-to-Infinitive
Participle. Forms and Functions. Participial Constructions
Gerund. Gerundial Construction
Задание 1. Перепишите предложения. Вставьте инфинитив в нужной форме и переведите предложение на русский язык.
1.The seller is sure … the buyer about that in advance.(to inform)
A. to have informedC. to have been informedE. to inform
B. to be informedD. to be informingF. to have been informing
2.He attempted … the claim during all the period of our negotiations. (to decline)
A. to declineC. to be decliningE. to have declined
B. to be declinedD. to have been declinedF. to have been declining
3.I wish … my sincere apologies for the inconvenience you have been caused. (to offer)
A. to have offeredC. to be offeringE. to offer
B. to have been offeredD. to have been offeringF. to be offered

Задание 2. Перепишите предложения, поставьте частицу to, где необходимо. Объ-ясните причину отсутствия частицы to. Переведите предложение на русский язык.
1.You will be allowed … open a current account.
2.We want you … effect payment within three days upon the receipt of shipping documents.
3.We must … handle the orders because we are pressed with time.

Задание 3. Перепишите предложения. Измените их, используя Infinitive вместо под-чёркнутых слов. Переведите полученное предложение на русский язык.
1.The agreement that forms an association of this nature is called a partnership contract.
2.I was surprised when I found that there were mistakes about the goods to be supplied.
3.There was no bank nearby where he could cash an order cheque.

Задание 4. Перепишите предложения. Замените сложные предложения или группы предложений простыми предложениями с инфинитивным оборотом Complex Object. Переведите полученное предложение на русский язык.
1.The goods will arrive tomorrow. We expect it.
2.The manager is responsible for effecting due payments. They believe it.
3.The name of the bank was in the headline of the document. They realized that.

Задание 5. Перепишите предложения. Закончите их, используя "for-to-Infinitive Con-struction". Переведите предложение на русский язык.
1.There was no time (they; the goods; to examine; that day).
2.The breach of contract made it difficult (to clear up; from the customs; buyer; the goods).
3.There are many possible ways (the needs of target customers; the sales companies; to satisfy).

Задание 6. Перепишите предложения с Complex Subject. Вставьте сказуемое в нуж-ной форме и переведите предложение на русский язык.
1.Shipping by air … to be expensive. (to consider)
2.Their company … to be ready to provide us with samples of goods. (to turn out)
3.The letter of application … to be well written and presented. (to be sure)

Задание 7. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните инфинитивные обороты. Опре-делите, какой инфинитивный оборот употреблён в предложении. Переведите пред-ложение на русский язык, обращая внимание на форму инфинитива
1. I would like you to send us your quotation.
2. The cargo does not seem to have been damaged by the storm.
3. After a long telephone conversation with Mr. Smith we arranged for the store to be operated by the manager from the marketing agency.

Задание 8. Выберите правильный вариант перевода выделенной части предложе-ния. Переведите предложение на русский язык.

Задание 9. Выберите нужную форму Participle I. Переведите предложение на рус-ский язык.

Additional information

Задание 10. Перепишите предложения. Замените выделенную часть предложения соответствующей формой Participle I. Переведите полученное предложение на рус-ский язык.
1.Economics is probably the first art which was acquired by a man.
A. having acquiredB. acquiringC. being acquired
2.When skins were traded for flint axes we had economics.
A. TradingB. Being tradedC. Having traded
3.As the subject has developed rapidly, there are now many branches of it.
A. developingB. being developedC. having developedD. having been developed
Задание 11. Перепишите предложения. Определите, какой формой глагола являет-ся выделенное слово: Participle II или Past Simple. Переведите полученное предло-жения на русский язык.
1.By a mixed economy we mean one in which some economic decisions are taken by the market mechanism and some collectively.
2.When we used the term mixed economy it was usually applied to economies where there was a significant component of both collectivism and free enterprise.
3.Traditionally, business simply meant exchange or trade for things people wanted or needed.
Задание 12. Перепишите предложения. Вставьте Participle I или Participle II. Переве-дите предложения на русский язык.
1.The concepts and activities of business … in many different languages, have increased in modern times. (to use)
2.Distribution is known as moving products … from a factory to the market place. (to need).
3.It is the human activity … to material things. (to relate)
Задание 13. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните причастные обороты. Переве-дите предложение на русский язык, обращая внимание на форму причастия.
1..Alfred Marshall considered economics developing as «the study of a man in the everyday business of life».
2.Any definition is found taking account of the guiding idea in economics.
3.We heard him working for the same company.
Задание 14. Перепишите предложения. Определите, чем является выделенное сло-во: Participle I, Gerund, Verbal Noun. Переведите предложение на русский язык.

Задание 15. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните герундиальные обороты. Пере-ведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на форму герундия.

Задание 16. Прочитайте текст и выполните задания
I.Collectivism. In the twentieth century a new economic order grew up, which is known as collectivism. Collectivism is the system whereby economic decisions are taken collectively by planning committees and implemented through direction of resources either centrally or at local level.
Under this system planning committees are appointed and they provide the answers to our three central questions. Thus committees take the decision on whether, for example, more cars or more tractors should be produced. They solve the «How?» problem by directing labor and other resources into certain areas of production and, at the end of the day, they decide the «For whom» problem not by pricing but by allotting goods and services on the grounds of social and political priorities.
.....
IV.We study economics in the belief that through understanding we will be able to increase the wealth and welfare of society, and with the conviction that knowledge is better than opinions, analysis better than supposition. What we understand about economics is terribly important; it influences us all. We can put this need no better than it was put in 1936 by John Maynard Keynes in the closing words of the most influential economics book of the last century: The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money....

D)Перепишите в тетрадь и переведите письменно IV часть текста.
E)Найдите слова в тексте к следующим определениям:
Ответьте на вопросы, используя информацию из текста.
F)В какой части текста говорится
G)Определите, является ли данное предложение: истинным, ложным или в тексте нет об этом информации.
H)Определите главную мысль текста.

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