English, version 8 (A World Economy)

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Вариант 8
I. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения на русский язык. Вставьте нужный артикль: a) a; b) an; c) the; d) -.
1. … majority of … personal investors have rather small stock portfolios.
2. … apples are sold by … pound. These are forty pence … pound.
3. I don’t know what … price … owners are asking.
4. She’d been to … Oxford and she’d taken her degree in … economics.

II. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения на русский язык. Заполните пропуски неопределенными местоимениями или их производными: a) some; b) any; c) no; d) их производные.
1. … people go to the bank in search of a safe place to keep their money.
2. They understood each other without … words.
3. But in any case, what can … do?
4. … one knows who started the world’s first bank.

III. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения на русский язык. Заполните пропуски следующими словами: a) much; b) many;
c) (a) little; d) (a) few.
1. Very … financial institutions nowadays keep off technical innovations in the banking industry.
2. Last week there was so … rain that I was not able to go out.
3. He was in good shape, but perhaps should take thinks … easier.
4. This lemon drink is sour; if you put … lumps of sugar in it, it will be sweeter.

IV. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения на русский язык. Выберите форму глагола.
1. The demand for bread … in Western Europe for several years.
a) is declining b) was declining
c) have been declining d)has been declining
2. I suggested meeting again after we … the proposals.
a) has read b) have read
c) had read d) read
3. When population is growing fast, the proportion of the people in the younger age … .
a) will be increasing b) increases
c) will increase d) increased
4. The large industrialized countries … for a large proportion of international trade.
a) will account b) accounted
c) will be accounting d) account

V. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения на русский язык. Выберите правильную форму глагола в пассивном залоге.
1. A personnel manager … now … .
a) will be appointed b) had been appointed
c) has been appointed d) have been appointed
2. Prices … by supply and demand and the willingness to buy and sell is subject to many influences.
a) is determined b) are determined
c) was determined d) were determined
3. A good many business transactions … with an enquiry.
a) is opened b) are opened
c) was opened d) were opened
4. The contract … now.
a) is being typed b) are being typed
c) was being typed d) were being typed

VI. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения на русский язык. Выберите правильную форму глагола в условных предложениях.
1. If we … the chance, the competitors products will stay on the supermarket shelves.
a) don’t lose b) doesn’t lose
c) didn’t lose d) wouldn’t lose
2. What will a company do if it … some idle money on hand?
a) have b) has
c) had d) will have
3. If the market value … up, the dividends will also increase.
a) will go b) would go
c) goes d) go
4. If we … this right, we would have got more sales.
a) will promote b) would promote
c) have promote d) had promoted

VII. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения на русский язык. Употребите сложное дополнение.
1. I’d like her … such a competent trainee as you are in our company.
a) has b) have
c) had d) to have
2. He wanted me … to the President of the company.
a) to introduce b) introduces
c) introduced d) will introduce
3. We are going to have the price of the toothpaste … .
a) reduce b) reduces
c) reduced d) will reduce
4. We heard them … up the legislative programme of consumer protection.
a) set b) sets
c) will set d) would set
VIII. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения на русский язык. Употребите сложное подлежащее.
1. Advertising is known … one of the most important factors in accelerating the distribution of products.
a) was b) were

Additional information

IX. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения на русский язык. Заполните пропуски модельными глаголами или их эквивалентами.
1. Franchisees … be willing to work long hours and do any job that needs to be done.
a) must b) can
c) could d) should
2. Many European exporters … to pay higher duties on their exports.
a) can b) may
c) must d) will have
3. One way an organization … find staff for job vacancies is to recruit outside the company.
a) may b) can
c) might d) could
4. They decided that she … to sent them a telegram every tenth day.
a) is b) was
c) has d) had

X. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения
с русского языка на английский язык.
1. У промышленного предприятия имеются несколько вариантов реализации своей продукции.
2. Розничные торговцы ближе к покупателю, и поэтому они располагают более полной информацией о его потребностях и вкусах.
3. В Великобритании значительная часть рынка принадлежит независимым розничным торговцам.
4. Торговый агент обычно нанимается небольшой группой, финансы которой не позволяют организовать собственный сбыт товаров.

XI. Прочтите текст. Письменно переведите 1 и 2 абзацы
A World Economy
1. Changes throughout the world are opening new opportunities for business expansion. How can you participate and profit from these new and exciting world events? Learn to improve market share, to increase jobs in America by forming international strategic alliances, and to secure your economic future by effectively competing in the globalized economy.
2. Meeting and recognizing the opportunity.
International business development considerations must be as dynamic and flexible as our rapidly changing world. Managers of small-to-mid-sized business must be able to understand, and more importantly, recognize new opportunities and employ flexible approaches to the global market. Consumers in overseas client markets have the same needs as those in the United States. In the 1990s, there will be more demands upon business to include local content in products supplied in client nation. America is no longer the only place in the world to do business. You must think about the rest of the world if you are to survive and profit.
3. The foreign trade deficit continues to be a drain on the United States. For the first eight months of 1989, the deficit averaged $9.2 billion. Of that amount, imports of foreign oil amounted to 43 percent (or approximately $4 billion). Our appetite for foreign-made products and overseas oil continues to place a burden on the United States economy. If the American public would encourage congress and the president to pass legislation favorable to domestic oil production it would have a major impact on reducing the foreign trade deficit.


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