К/р №1 по английскому

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Упражнение 1
Найдите каждому слову (1-10) правильное определение (a- j).
Например: 1 – f
1. to matter a. a person that you work for
2. to hire b. to need
3. promotion c. characteristics
4. employer d. the long – term plan for professional life
5. to require e. to put in order of importance
6. career f. to be important
7. authority g. to give employment to someone
8. qualities h. a person who applies for a job
9. to rank i. the power to give orders
10. applicant j. a movement to a more important jobwith
more responsibility and money.

Упражнение 2
Вставьте слова в пропуски.
hire, career, employer, applicants, qualities, requires
Headhunters, or executive search firms, specialize in finding the right
person for the right job. When a company wishes to … a person for an
important position, it may use the services of such a firm, specifying the skills
and … which it … of the future employee. The headhunter contacts
executives with the right … profile, and provides the company with a shortlist
of suitable candidates. In this way, the … does not have to go through the
preliminary stages of interviewing and selecting … itself.

Упражнение 3
Устно переведите предложения и восстановите пропущенные буквы в выделенных словах.
The money earned for a week’s manual work is called a w . g . .
2. The money paid for a month’s (professional) work is a s . l . r . .
3. Money paid by the government or a company to a retired person is a
p . . s . . n .
4. The money needed to start a company is called c . p . t . l.
5. The money paid to lawyers, architects, private schools, etc. is called f . . s.
6. Estimated expenditure and income is written in a b . dg . t.

Упражнение 4
Соотнесите английские слова и словосочетания с их русскими эквивалентами.
1. earnings and cost approach a. индикатор
2. flow–of–product b. итоговые индикаторы
3. assets c. доход
4. gross d. ВНП
5. indicator e. ВВП
6. lagging economic indicators f. Налог
7. leading economic indicators g. прогнозные индикаторы.......................

Тренировочный текст с упражнениями
Упражнение 1
Переведите следующие слова из текста с помощью словаря.
Measure, approach, receipt, coincident, microeconomics, a transfer, to
transfer, purchase, to increase,an increase, requirement, executive,
exaggerate, occur, equity.

Упражнение 2
Прочитайте и переведите текст устно
The Nation´s Economy. GNP. Economic Indicators.
Economists study different sides of the economy in different ways, they may show how one product market operates, or the way one group of the consumers decides how to spend money. Microeconomics is the part of economics that analyses specific data affecting an economy. Macroeconomics is the branch of economics chat analyses interrelationships among sectors of the economy. Macroeconomists use various methods to measure the performance of the economy. Statistics* measure gross national product, or GNP, which is the value of ill goods and services produced for sale during one year. All the goods and services produced must ......

Упражнение 3
Соотнесите английские слова и словосочетания из левой
колонки с их русскими эквивалентами из правой.
1. to fall into categories
A. Принимать обоснованные решения
2. to fulfil a legal requirement B. Активное сальдо торгового баланса
3. to make educated decisions C. Отчет об акционерном капитале

Упражнение 4
Соедините слова и получите словосочетания из текста.

Упражнение 5
Напишите ответы на вопросы, начиная ответ с одной из приведенных ниже фраз:
I suppose ...; The idea behind the expression ... is that...;
It is essential to ...; To sum up what has been mentioned...;
It´s like this....; It is impossible to decide whether...;.....................................

Additional information

Упражнение 6
Задайте 6 вопросов к тексту, используя выражения, данные в таблице
economic indicators, composite index, flow-of- product method, leading
economic indicators, earnings-and-cost approach, gross national product
Measuring (1) the value, in dollars, of all final goods and services produced for sale during one year can show whether the economy of a country is growing or shrinking, healthy or thick. It is a standard by which....

Упражнение 7
Замените русские словосочетания в диалоге на английские эквиваленты.
(The Managing Director of one of the branches reports to the General Director of GKN on the performance of the branch). G.D. What does the (1. суммарное значение) of $68 million refer to? M.D. Having got a profit before tax of $132 million, GKN then had to pay taxes which (2. включают) up to $51 million and $13 million to shareholders. This resulted in (3. доход ) of the year of $ 68 million. G.D. How high were the profits of the branch? M.D. Having deducted the ....

Упражнение 8
Переведите следующие предложения на английский язык, используя лексику 2 семестра.
1. Методом оценки доходов и расходов в валовом национальном продукте подсчитывают деньги, полученные от производства.

Тренировочное упражнение (перевод)
Переведите предложения с русского языка на английский.
1. Компании, продающие одинаковые товары, являются конкурентами.(2.1)
2. Я работаю на компанию Миндстепс. (2.2)
3. После огромного скачка цен на нефть в 2006, kогда страны, экспортирующие нефть, размещали свои «нефтедоллары» в западных банках, многим развивающимся странам пришлось
занимать деньги для того, чтобы заплатить за импортируемую нефть.(2.6)
4. Отмывая деньги, криминальные структуры переводят их через различные компании при помощи очень сложных сделок. (2.7)
5. Планирование банковской инвестиции - очень важно. (2.8)

Тренировочный лексико-грамматический тест № 2
1 Our profits …. last year.
a) rise b) has risen c) have d) rose
2) Unemployment … … at present
a) rise b) rose c) is rising d) rises
3) The population of the EU … … older now.
a) is growing b) grows c) growing d) grew
4) I … … pay by credit card because they didn’t want cash or check
a) had to b) have to c) has to d) must
5) I didn’t need to take any money; they … already told me that it wasn’t necessary.
a) do b) did c) have d) had
6) Unemployment … … again this month.
a) rose b) rise c) has risen d) rose
7) Our new employee had no experience in … people.
a) manage b) managing c) managed d) managers
8) We … … for new products to add to our existing range.
a) are looking b) is looking c) was looking d) am looking
9) She learned how … … l with people who complaint.
a) dealt b) to deal c) deal d) dealing
10) Staff should be encouraged … … initiative.
a) to show b) showing c) showed d) shown
11) … on this assembly line every day is very monotonous.
a) work b) works c) worked d)working
12) Don’t phone me at 8.00. I’ll be having talks … a loan with the bank manager.
a) concerning b) concerned c) concerns d) concern
13) … I interrupt the discussion to report the latest news ?
a) must b) may c) have to d) need
14) Thank you for the fax … by you on November 18.
a) sent b) send c) sending d) sended
15) … creates wealth and wealth creates jobs.
a) grow b) growth c) growing d) grows
16) GNP is a measure of the … value of sales of goods and services in a country.
a) year b) annual c) month d) day
17) High … generally means increasing unemployment.
a) growth b) inflation c) investment d) balance
18) The part of the income working people have to pay to the government is called … … .
a) demand b) supply c) wages d) an income tax
19) The total wealth earned or created in a country in a year is called … .
a) a Gross National Product b) equilibrium
c) consumption d) economic growth
20) Employees hope that their salary will … with the cost of living.
a) raise b) rise c) grow d) enlarge__


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