Lesson 1. What is economics? (Control)

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Countable and uncountable nouns. Nouns in the role definition. Verb to be in the simple present tense. The present prime time. Cardinal numbers.
Word list
industry industry industry to spend (spent) to spend (time) spend (money)
good product, product trade trade
agriculture, farming agriculture to grow (grew, grown) to grow, to grow
crop farming crop unemployment Unemployment
animal farming Livestock decision decision
mining Mining to deal (dealt) with deal
processing treatment, recycling growth growth, development
manufacturing production of consumer consumer
fuel oil, fuel society society

1. Divide the nouns into two groups: countable and uncountable. From countable nouns form the shape of the plural:
country, businessman, fuel, money, information, service, industry, coffee, processing, problem, good, trade, plant, manufacturing, consumer, growth, economy, agriculture, water, resource, news

2. Move the phrase note translation of nouns as the definition:
bank service, trade growth, plant manager, agriculture study, consumer goods, resources processing, world economy, service sector growth, animal farming products

3. Insert am (not), are (not), is (not):
1. I ... a student of mining. 2. Crop and animal farming ... the main branches of agriculture. 3. The manager ... in the office. 4. Agriculture and manufacturing ... important in all economies. 5. You ... a student. You ... a manager of an agricultural company. 6. Crop farming ... possible in the central regions of Russia in early spring. 7. I ... a student of medicine, I ... a student of economics department. 8. Fuel ... important for all industries.

4. Make the following sentences interrogative and negative answer briefly the following questions:
1. Crop farming is very important for every economy. 2. Processing is important for all mineral resources. 3. I am a bank manager. 4. My friends are plant managers. 5. The growth of trade is very quick in this country. 6. Mining is a part of service sector.

5. Speak in English numerals following:
13; 43; 39; 789; 205; 4,500; 6,130; 88.239; 105.111; 723.984; 1,150,212; 9,124,035 2.5; 8.65; 71.45; 35.95

Additional information

6. Open the brackets and put it to use verbs in the correct form:
1. Factories (not / use) this method of processing. 2. Not only goods but also services (be) important for consumers. 3. The industry (not / use) resources intensively. 4. The factory (belong) to Japanese company. 5. The primary sector (not / include) services to consumers. 6. There (be) a lot of agricultural land in this part of the country. 7. Manufacturing (grow) fast in the UK and mining (not / grow) fast now. 8. There (be) several industries which belong to the primary sector. 9. You (be) a manager?

7.Prochitayte and translate the text:
What Does Economics Study?
What do you think of when you hear the word economics? Money, certainly, and perhaps more complicated things like business, inflation and unemployment. The science of economics studies all of these, but many more things as well. Perhaps you think that economics is all about the decisions that governments and business managers take. In fact, economists study the decisions we take every day.
Very simply, economists study the way people deal with a fact of life: resources are limited but our demand for them is not. Resources may be material things such as food, housing and heating. There are some resources, though, that we can not touch. Time, space and convenience, for example, are also resources. Think of a day. There are only 24 hours in one, and we have to choose the best way to spend them. Our everyday lives are full of the decisions like these. Every decision we make is a trade-off. If you spend more time working, you make more money. However, you will have less time to relax. Economists study the trade-offs people make. They study the reasons for their decisions. They look at the effects those decisions have on our lives and our society.

8. Connect the words from the left column with their definitions on the right:
1. budget A. the people who control a country and make laws
2. business B. information
3. convenience C. company that sells goods and services
4. data D. easiness
5. demand E. the amount of money you have for something
6. government F. how much people want something
7. inflation G. the number of people without work
8. resources H. something such as money, workers or minerals belonging to an organization, country, etc. which can be used to function properly
9. trade-off I. rising prices
10. unemployment J. giving away something in exchange for something


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