English, option 3 (text AGRICULTURE IN GENERAL)

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Option 3
I. Rewrite the following sentences. Determine what part of speech the word is decorated ending - s and what function it fulfills the end, that is, whether it is:
a) index of the third person singular of the verb in the Present Indefinite;
b) indication of the plural noun;
c) indication of the possessive case of a noun (see. to perform sample Ex. 1).
Turn suggestions on the Russian language.
1. American agriculture exports its crops to Europe, Asia, Africa and Latin America.
2. I do not know the director's decision yet.
3. He repairs the fishmen's boats.
4. My friend likes to write letters.
5. Nick's mother speaks Russian.

II. Rewrite the following sentences and translate them, paying particular attention to the Russian translation of the definitions expressed by a noun (see. To perform sample Ex. 21
1. There are various factors that make up soil fertility and moisture conditions, plant food and soil structure.
2. Grains, fruits and vegetables are food obtained by man directly from the soil.
3. There are spring and winter varieties of wheat.
4. The leading root crops are carrots, beets and sweet potatoes.
5. The first great civilization arose in two regions of the Middle East. Our region was the Nile River Valley of Egypt.
III. Rewrite the following sentences that contain different forms of comparison, and translate them into Russian:
1. A car is faster than a train.
2. There was the eldest in the family.
3. He spent most of his money on books.
4. The tallest trees in the world grow in California.
5. The nearer the spring the longer the days.

IV. Rewrite and translate the proposal by paying attention to the pronouns.
1. Children, where are you?
2. Nobody was at home when I came back.
3. If you have any books on this subject bring them to me, please.
4. Who lives in this room?
5. Are there any books on this shelf?

V. Rewrite the following sentence; emphasize in each modal verbs or their equivalents. Turn suggestions on the Russian language.
1. It must be very difficult to learn German.
2. Why did you have to stay at home yesterday? - Because my parents were not at home and I had to look after my little sister.
3. They will be able to fulfill this work.
4. It stopped raining and mother told us that we might go out to play in the yard.
5. All agronomists are to study environmental factors affecting the plant growing.

VI Rewrite the following sentence; emphasize in each verb - predicate vidovremennyh and determine its shape (see. a sample implementation to the control 6). Turn suggestions on the Russian language.
1. The postman brings us the newspapers in the morning.
2. When I entered the room he was reading.
3. He had been reading the book for two hours when I came.
4. Where is Mike? He is sitting in his room and writing a letter.
5. Man began to study plants many hundred years ago.

VII. Rewrite the following sentences and put them general questions (see. To perform sample Ex. 7). Put proposals to the interrogative form.
1. There are many mushrooms and berries in the wood in autumn.
2. They will be ready in 5 minutes.
3. They have been waiting for you for a long time.
4. He sat down to have a rest.
5. She could not do it.

VIII. Rewrite the following sentences and put them specific questions (sample implementation for Exercise 8). Turn suggestions and interrogative form.
1. His sister will stay in Omsk several days, (where?)
2. He waters flowers in his garden every day. (What? When?)
3. There are 25 students in our group. (How many?)

IX. Rewrite and translate the written test on the Russian language.

Additional information

IX. Rewrite and translate the written test on the Russian language.
Agriculture is the world's most important industry. It provides us with almost all our food. It also supplies materials for two other basic human needs - clothing and shelter. In addition, agriculture provides materials used in making many industrial products, such as paints and medicines. About half the world's workers are employed in agriculture - far more than in any other industry.
Food is the most important farm product. But farms also provide many other products, from natural fibres to ornamental flowers and trees. Some crops are used only to feed livestock. These forage crops include alfalfa, clover and many grasses. Forage crops are important because they make commercial livestock production possible.
Farms provide almost all the world's food, including some fish and game. Most food products come from crops. The rest come from animals, especially cattle, hogs, poultry, sheep, and other livestock.
The world's farmers grow about 85 major food crops. They can be divided into eight groups. The main group is cereal grains. Grain is grown on half the world's cropland and supplies much of the nourishment in the human diet. The chief grains are barley, com, millet, oats, rice, rye, sorghum, and wheat.
Various root crops make up the second most important group of food crops. Like cereal grains, root crops are grown throughout the world and are a basic food for many people. The leading root crops are potatoes, beets and sweet potatoes.
The six remaining groups of major food crops are: (1) pulses, which consist mainly of beans and peas; (2) fruits and vegetables; (3) oil-bearing crops, such as soybeans and coconuts; (4) sugar-bearing crops, especially sugarcane and sugar beets; (5) nuts; and (6) cocoa beans, coffee and tea.
Cattle, chickens, goats, hogs, sheep, turkeys, and other livestock are the main animals raised for food. Livestock are raised in every country and supply nearly all the world's meat, eggs, and milk. Farmers also raise other animals for food. For example, many farmers keep bees for honey. Farmers on fish farms raise freshwater food fish, such as carp and trout, and saltwater shellfish, such as mussels and oysters.
Natural fibres come from a variety of plants and animals raised on farms. Factories use the fibres to make fabrics, yam, and other textile products. Cotton and flax together with some tropical plants are the chief plant fibres. Wool, the principal animal fibre, comes mainly from sheep but also from such animals as goats and members of the camel family. Silk fibres are obtained from the cocoons of silkworms. However the development of synthetic fibres has reduced the demand for natural fibres in some countries.
Many farms provide other raw materials for industry besides fibres. These materials include natural rubber; animal hides which are used to make leather; and such vegetable oils as castor oil and linseed oil. These oils are used in a variety of products, from paints to medicines. Many farmers raise tobacco. Others grow ornamental flowers, trees and shrubs. A few farmers raise such animals as foxes and mink for their fur.


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