Labor Economics - test

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1. What of the following categories of the population are included in the concept of "human resources", but does not include the concept of "economically active population"?
1. Employed persons with disabilities;
2. working pensioners;
3. adolescent workers;
4. unemployed;
5. Students with a separation from manufacture of working age;
6. Housewives of working age;
7. voluntarily unemployed people of working age;
8. Employment in the public sector;
9. The working-age population.

2. What of the following categories do not apply to the employed population?
1. Entrepreneurs;
2. Employed;
3. housewife;
4 students;
5. freelancers;
6. unemployed family members;
7. The correct answers there.

3. What is true? The right to work as one of the fundamental rights of the person found:
1. The Civil Code of the Russian Federation;
2. Declaration of Human Rights;
3. Labour Code;
4. The Constitution of the Russian Federation;
5. in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.

4. What statement about the division of labor is not true? The division of labor:
1. facilitate interchangeability of the workforce;
2. a condition for the use of machines;
3. The responsible personal inclinations and abilities of people;
4. a means of improving productivity.

5. Which of the following acts regulate the labor market?
1. The Law on Employment in the Russian Federation;
2. The Civil Code of the Russian Federation;
3. Rules of the Road;
4. The Constitution of the Russian Federation;
5. The Customs Code.

6. Which of the following does not affect the demand for labor?
1. The demand for the end products;
2. production technology;
3. Changes in nominal wages due to inflation;
4. All of the above affect the demand for labor;
5. none of these factors has no effect on the demand for labor.

7. The natural rate of unemployment - is:
1. The rate of unemployment in the absence of cyclical unemployment;
2. The proportion of the workforce, not occupied at any given moment;
3. The unemployment rate corresponding to full employment in the economy and assuming the presence of only frictional and structural unemployment forms;
4. All definitions are correct;
1. All definitions are not true.

8. According to Okun's law, two percent increase in the actual level of unemployment above its natural rate means that the backlog of real GNP from potential is:
1. 2%;
2. 3%;
3. 4%;
4. 5%;
1. considerably more than 5%.

9. Which of the following statements is not true?
1. If the actual GNP is potential, it means that the economy is growing at full employment;
2. The economic costs associated with the cyclic form of unemployment, measured by the number of non-produced goods and services;
3. The unemployment rate is determined by the percentage of the number of unemployed to the number of employees;
4. in the labor force (economically active population) are included and the unemployed actively looking for work;
5. Dzh.M.Keyns argued that the market economy is not able to quickly solve the problem of employment on the basis of the price mechanism and competition;
6. The inflation does not lead to lower wages.

10. Do you agree with the statement that the segmentation of the labor market limits the development of competitive relations in the field of employment?
1. Yes;
2. No.

11. Which of the following categories are not marginalized groups in the labor market?
1. Mothers;
2. Refugees and internally displaced persons;
3. Specialists rare professions;
4. people with disabilities;
5. workers;
6. marginal considered all of these categories.

12. Which of the following statements do you agree?
1. Social partnership - a relationship of cooperation between employers and employees;
2. The social partnership in Russia is impossible;
3. Social

Additional information

13. In the event of conflict, the parties in the development of the collective agreement as a next step the law, as a rule, provides:
1. beginning of the strike;
2. The creation of a conciliation committee;
3. The arbitral or judicial proceedings;
4. lockout;
5. All the answers are correct.

14. Which of the following measures do not apply to measures of active employment policy?
1. Promoting employment;
2. profkonsultirovanie;
3. promoting territorial mobility of the workforce;
4. The payment of unemployment benefits;
5. retraining of the unemployed;
6. The subsidies for employment;
7. All the above measures are active.

15. An increase in wages:
1. The decline in employment will occur if labor demand is elastic;
2. The decrease in employment will occur, if the demand for labor is completely inelastic;
3. Employment will increase if the demand for labor is elastic;
4. Employment will increase if the demand for labor is inelastic;
5. The decline in employment will occur if demand for labor is inelastic;
6. All the answers are not correct.

16. Which of the following statements is not true?
1. If the retail prices of goods and services are rising faster than the rate of nominal wages, real wages are declining;
2. The market supply curve of labor always has a negative slope;
3. to increase the level of pay the employee increases the price of his free time;
4. monopsonist in the labor market determines the wage rate;
5. all the allegations are not true.

17. What is the definition corresponds to the concept of "minimum wage"?
1. The price of labor (the use of labor services) per unit of time;
2. The lowest wage rate that employers legitimately paid per unit of time;
3. The amount of money received by an employee per unit of time;
4. The quantity of goods and services that a worker can buy with his nominal wages, the purchasing power of nominal wages.

18. If the nominal wage increased by 8%, while prices rose by 10%, while real wages:
1. increased by 2%;
2. increased by 18%;
3. reduced by 2%;
4. decreased by 18%;
5. remained at the same level;
6. The correct answer is no.

19. Performance (performance) of labor in society depends on:
1 its intensity;
2. production technology;
3. The characteristics of extensive work;
4. the organization of labor and production processes;
5. The motivation of labor activity;
6. The correct answers there.

20. Efforts - is:
1. The cost of human labor in the manufacturing process itself;
2. The costs of the past (embodied) labor;
3. The cost of production;
4. The total cost of labor and materials;
5. The true answer is no.

21. The company in the past year produced 200,000 units. The average number of commodity employs 500 people. The next year is planned to increase output in half, increasing this to 750 the number of employed persons. How to change and the level of productivity in the enterprise? ....

22. Specific forms and methods of connecting people and technology in the process of labor is called ...


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