Logic of the Moscow State University. S.Yu. Witte

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Uploaded: 24.08.2017
Content: Логика Кейс задание 100проц .zip 76,76 kB

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Theme: 3.1. "Basic laws of logic", 3.2. "Sophisms and logical paradoxes," 3.3. "General Characteristics of Evidence"

Task 1: Set which of the basic laws of logic - identity, contradiction, excluded third, sufficient reason - is broken in the following examples. Please note that in the same situation, not one logical law may be violated, but several. Justify your answer - why do you argue that in this situation it is this law (laws) that is violated, and not the other (others).
1) - Why do you call this choir mixed? There are only women here.
- Yes, but some can sing, others can not.
etc.....

Task 2: Determine which logical rules of evidence are violated in the following situations. (Please note that among the scenes below, there may be those in which not one, but several rules of proof are violated).
1) The bones found beneath Zhytomyr undoubtedly belong to the dog, "recently established archaeologist Kopaev established. Now he takes injections from rabies and very much regrets that he touched someone else´s food.
etc.....

Task 3. Find in the literature (art, publicistic, popular science, educational) or think up an example of any sophism yourself, and comment on it in detail: how it violates the law of identity; What objects, situations, phenomena, etc., in it are imperceptibly identified, being not identical; How far the deliberate logical error of this reasoning is disguised; How difficult is the sophism to be exposed; Do you need any special knowledge from different sciences to expose it.
Sophism is an externally correct proof of a false thought by means of a deliberate violation of logical laws.

etc.....

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