The control of English №5, option 2 (THE OPEN MARKET)

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1. Rewrite the following sentences, determine in each type of conditional sentences and translate into Russian:
1. If it is a free market, the competition takes place among sellers of the same commodity.
2. If you fired this bookkeeper, you would be very sorry.
3. If you had put services into effect quickly, you would not have failed.
4. If you start your own business you need capital.
5. If we examine the monetary history of Greece and Rome, we'll find a very complex manipulation of standards and currency.

2. Copy writing and translating these sentences containing design with participles, gerund and an infinitive.
1. This kind of business seemed to be successful.
2. The Island of Britain is known to have been related to the Roman world by Julius Caesar in the year 55 BC.
3. The manager made his employees start productive work.
4. We consider such a risk to have been justified.
5. In the American economic system the type and quality of goods produced are determined largely through the interaction of supply and demand.
6. With the sphere of culture still remaining profitable, the aim of the «cultural» capitalist is to cut down the cost of production to a minimum.
7. Selling commodities on foreign market entrepreneurs are able to expand production and thereby to increase profit.
8. The amount of money to be paid included the cost of packing.
9. The planning process requires a large bureaucracy with the resulting problem of securing administrative efficiency faced by any large organization.
10. The government can influence the money supply by buying and selling ita own securities.

3. Rewrite and translate into Russian sentences containing reinforcement (emphatic) design:
1. Workers do restore the physical strength because they have all the vital necessities needed.
2. It is abstract labour that forms the value of a commodity.
3. It is only the value of the workers' labour that they are paid for.
4. It is under private ownership of the production means when the law of value results in the emergence of capitalist relations.
5. I believe he does know the subject well.

4. Write down the text 5 (B) of the proposal, which the predicate verb in the passive voice upotreblёn, and translate them into Russian.

5. Of the 10 lines of text 5 (A) record all predicates and specify their species-tense forms (time deposit).

6. Read and interpretation into the 1st and 2nd paragraphs of text. Rewrite and translate written third paragraph.
THE OPEN MARKET
Capital invested in business is simply the accumulation of previous surpluses on previous business activities. In this way the past is used to finance the future. The accumulation of capital is almost always deliberate, either on the part of individual citizens or on the part of the state. Even in non-capitalistic societies a certain part of the surplus achieved in any enterprise is «ploughed back» into the system in order to promote further growth.
When capital, labour and enterprise combine to make a new business successful, the business must still continue to compete on the market with other companies producing the same type of commodity. The term market, as used by economists, is a logical extension from the idea of \u200b\u200ba place set aside for buying and selling. In the past, part of a town was kept as a marketplace, and country people would come in on market-days to buy and sell. Markets today need not however to be located in any fixed place: the sugar market and the cotton market are not geographical locations, but simply sets of conditions which permit buyers and sellers to work together ....

Additional information

THE OPEN MARKET
Capital invested in business is simply the accumulation of previous surpluses on previous business activities. In this way the past is used to finance the future. The accumulation of capital is almost always deliberate, either on the part of individual citizens or on the part of the state. Even in non-capitalistic societies a certain part of the surplus achieved in any enterprise is «ploughed back» into the system in order to promote further growth.
When capital, labour and enterprise combine to make a new business successful, the business must still continue to compete on the market with other companies producing the same type of commodity. The term market, as used by economists, is a logical extension from the idea of \u200b\u200ba place set aside for buying and selling. In the past, part of a town was kept as a marketplace, and country people would come in on market-days to buy and sell. Markets today need not however to be located in any fixed place: the sugar market and the cotton market are not geographical locations, but simply sets of conditions which permit buyers and sellers to work together.
In a free market, competition takes place among sellers in order to sell their commodities at the best possible price, and among buyers in order to obtain what they want at a price, which suits them. Such competition influences prices. Changes in supply and demand have their effects, and it is not surprising that considerable fluctuations in price can take place over periods of weeks and months.

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